Human Skeleton, Bone & Joints

Human skeleton

Human Skeleton

“The human skeleton is the internal framework of the body ( Bones & Joints ) . Its includes all of the bones and joints in the body. The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones”.

There are two types of skeleton

  • Central or axial skeleton
  • Skull
  • Hyoid
  • Ear Bones
  • Sternum
  • Ribs
  • Vertebral column
  • Peripheral or appendicular skeleton
  • Upper limbs
  • Lower limbs
  • Pelvic girdle
  • shoulder girdle
Human Skeleton
Human Skeleton

Functions of skeletal system

  • Support
  • Protection
  • Movement
  • Mineral storage
  • Blood cell formation (hemopoiesis)
  • Triglyceride storage

Human Bones Anatomy and Its Composition

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the Human skeleton. Bones support and protect the various organs of the body & Provide Stability to skeleton. Bones are formed by the ossification of cartilage. Vitamin D is necessary for Calcium Absorption.

Bone Composition & Structure

  • Calcium carbonate and Calcium phosphate
  • Collagen
  • Water
Human Bone
Human Bone

Bone Classifiaction

Types of Bone Cells

Types of Bones

  • Long bones
  • Short bones
  • Flat bones
  • Irregular bones
  • Sesamoid bones

Bone Response to Stress

  • Wolff’s law (1892)

Bone tissue adapts to level of imposed stress

–increased stress

–hypertrophy (increase strength)

–decreased stress

–atrophy (decrease strength)

Bone Fractures

▫Open (compound) fracture

▫Closed (simple) fracture

▫Comminuted fracture

▫Greenstick fracture

▫Impacted fracture

▫Stress fracture

Human Joints Anatomy

Joint is the articulation between two or more bones . Movement is also occur on joint. Name of Some joints are given Below.

  • Shoulder Joint
  • ElbowJoint
  • Wrist Joint
  • Hip Joint
  • Knee Joint
  • Ankle Joint

shoulder Joint 

Human Joints
Human Joints

Human Joints Type

Physiotherapy is becoming popular in Asia. physiotherapist main concern on bone, joints & muscle. That’s why physiotherapist should know Human anatomy on finger Tip. The Physio Club is made for the easiness of many Students who are Doing Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT).




    Thanks for providing this knowledge.

  2. Clay Ketterer

    Nice Admin

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    Studying anatomy and physiology can be very frustrating. If you truly want to make your study easier then pay close attention to this article and it will make you one step closer to your goal.

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