Human Skeleton, Bone & Joints

Human skeleton

Human Skeleton

“The human skeleton is the internal framework of the body ( Bones & Joints ) . Its includes all of the bones and joints in the body. The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones”.

There are two types of skeleton

  • Central or axial skeleton
  • Skull
  • Hyoid
  • Ear Bones
  • Sternum
  • Ribs
  • Vertebral column
  • Peripheral or appendicular skeleton
  • Upper limbs
  • Lower limbs
  • Pelvic girdle
  • shoulder girdle
Human Skeleton
Human Skeleton

Functions of skeletal system

  • Support
  • Protection
  • Movement
  • Mineral storage
  • Blood cell formation (hemopoiesis)
  • Triglyceride storage

Human Bones Anatomy and Its Composition

A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the Human skeleton. Bones support and protect the various organs of the body & Provide Stability to skeleton. Bones are formed by the ossification of cartilage. Vitamin D is necessary for Calcium Absorption.

Bone Composition & Structure

  • Calcium carbonate and Calcium phosphate
  • Collagen
  • Water
Human Bone
Human Bone

Bone Classifiaction

Types of Bone Cells

Types of Bones

  • Long bones
  • Short bones
  • Flat bones
  • Irregular bones
  • Sesamoid bones

Bone Response to Stress

  • Wolff’s law (1892)

Bone tissue adapts to level of imposed stress

–increased stress

–hypertrophy (increase strength)

–decreased stress

–atrophy (decrease strength)

Bone Fractures

▫Open (compound) fracture

▫Closed (simple) fracture

▫Comminuted fracture

▫Greenstick fracture

▫Impacted fracture

▫Stress fracture

Human Joints Anatomy

Joint is the articulation between two or more bones . Movement is also occur on joint. Name of Some joints are given Below.

  • Shoulder Joint
  • ElbowJoint
  • Wrist Joint
  • Hip Joint
  • Knee Joint
  • Ankle Joint

shoulder Joint 

Human Joints
Human Joints

Human Joints Type

Physiotherapy is becoming popular in Asia. physiotherapist main concern on bone, joints & muscle. That’s why physiotherapist should know Human anatomy on finger Tip. The Physio Club is made for the easiness of many Students who are Doing Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT).


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